Loose Lips

Taxicab Confessions

D.C. Taxis Could Switch to Cab Medallion System

Picture this, District resident: In the not too distant future, you go to hail a cab. Almost immediately a black sedan, which is less than six years old or has fewer than 300,000 miles on it, pulls up. The driver, a conscientious, properly licensed small businessperson, happily takes you wherever you want (even to Southeast).

During the ride you notice how clean and well maintained the cab is. You want the radio turned off? No problem. Turn the AC up? All you have to do is ask. Pleasant chit-chat with the driver about the weather, world affairs, love life advice? Free of charge! And when you pay, it’s a fair price, and the money is all properly reported, so that wherever the driver lives (though probably not in the District), you can rest easy knowing that he’s paying his fair share of taxes, just like you.

All in all, it’s the perfect cab ride.

That, at least, is one version of the future being pushed by supporters of a taxicab medallion bill, who say implementing a system like those found in other major cities would regulate a “free for all” industry, lead to better taxi service and help reform the D.C. cabbies’ oft-maligned reputation as a “laughingstock.”

But opponents of the bill present an alternate future: one in which a small group takes control of the taxi industry, squeezes out the little guy forever, and in the process, makes District riders pay more, wait longer (or forever, in some underserved parts of the city), and get crummier service than they did before the medallions came along to ruin a system that doesn’t really need a major overhaul.

Whom to believe? Well, before you decide, it’s important to note how much potential profit may be at stake. Owning a medallion is a great investment; not only do owners get a regular share of a cab’s profits, but the medallion itself can greatly increase in value over time. New York City sold medallions for $10 during the Great Depression. They’ve since skyrocketed in value, selling for $61,000 in 1961, $393,000 in 2005 and $766,000 in 2009, according to a report from the District Chief Financial Officer’s office that’s harshly critical of medallion systems.

The bill currently before the council would set the initial number of medallions at 4,000, which would be sold based on a seniority system (benefiting drivers with at least 20 years driving a cab in D.C.) for as little as $500 for an unrestricted medallion that could be used throughout the city. (There are currently about 10,000 cab driver, or hack, licenses in the District.)

Exact figures are impossible to know, but it’s not unreasonable to assume that in a few short years, those $500 medallions could be worth somewhere well north of the six-figure mark.

In justifying the low initial price for the medallions, supporters of the bill say they’re trying to help long-time drivers, particularly District residents, have something to show for their many years of hard work—instead of only a beat-up cab and whatever they managed to save, one 12-hour shift at a time.

When introducing the bill in March, Ward 8 Councilmember Marion Barry said he was “[looking] forward to pushing” the bill in order “to give equity and equality to our cab drivers.”

But now that the legislation is moving along through the process, many of those old-time drivers who would benefit most, whose ranks probably number close to 1,000, don’t believe Barry or other supporters of the bill have their best interests at heart.

“The medallion bill is a gift from Santa Claus with the Bogeyman inside,” says Nathan Price, chairman of the D.C. Professional Taxicab Drivers Association.

On Saturday, LL hung out with a few old-time hacks waiting at the Woodridge library to meet with lobbyist John Ray, who wrote the bill. (The meeting never happened; Ray says he was never scheduled to be there, despite what the cabbies thought.)

When LL brought up Barry’s comments on medallions giving old-time drivers something akin to a retirement package, the idea didn’t go over well.

“That’s full of shit,” Price says.

“That’s full of shit, man,” says Billy Edwards, a cabbie who has been working in D.C. for 47 years, a split second later.

The drivers fear the medallion bill is stacked in favor of older cab companies with money, instead of individual drivers, and there are too many provisions in the bill designed to either prevent drivers from getting medallions in the first place or strip them away if they do land one. The bill requires that drivers who receive medallions have a clean tax history for the last five years, and allows medallions to be revoked for general “misuse of the medallion in violation of the District taxicab laws and regulations.” If you think that sounds like a catch-all provision that could be used by an agency that operates without much public scrutiny to benefit powerful business interests, you’re not alone.

Larry Frankel, a cab driver who leads the Small Business Association of D.C. Taxicab Drivers, says that language would allow the city to “easily take back the medallions for almost any kind of offense.”

(For the record, Barry told LL this week that he’s also “unhappy” with his bill, but added that final legislation rarely looks like what it did when first introduced, and he wants to have a public discussion on the merits of a medallion bill.)

Drivers are also concerned about who is pushing the legislation.

Ray, the lobbyist who wrote the bill (and a former councilmember), says he’s working for a coalition of independent owner-operators numbering 200 or so, and 13 cab companies, or fleet operators.

But everyone LL spoke with in and around the taxi industry says there’s one driving force behind the bill: Jerry Schaeffer, the city’s taxi king, who owns more than a dozen cab companies, sells cabbies insurance, and owns a whole lot of District land (including the parcel on New York Avenue NE where the city’s first Walmart may go).

The theory among cabbies LL spoke to is this: Schaeffer hired Ray to draft the bill and is looking to use the medallion bill to snatch up as big a chunk of the taxi industry as possible. (For proof of how things work, they say, just look at Solomon Bekele, another bogeyman in hacks’ minds, who also sells insurance to District cab drivers and wound up cornering a quarter of the Atlanta taxi market after that city introduced a medallion-like system.)

“I don’t know why the newspaper guy is asking me… everybody knows it’s a Jerry Schaeffer bill,” says Mohammad Momen, owner of Silver Cab and one of the fleet owners that is part of Ray’s coalition.

But both Ray and Schaeffer characterize Schaeffer’s involvement as that of one among many. And they say individual drivers first approached Ray to write the bill.

“Nah, it ain’t just me,” says Schaeffer, adding that he has no interest in taking over the taxi industry. And Ray says his coalition wants to amend his bill to cap the number of medallions any one person or company can own at 400. For comparison’s sake, Schaeffer owns about 160 cabs, Ray says.

And then there’s the hot-button topic of ethnicity, which no story on the taxi industry would be complete without mentioning. There’s always been tension between the older African-American drivers and the immigrants from Nigeria, Pakistan, Ethiopia, and elsewhere who wind up driving cabs here. Frankel says the current bill, with its emphasis on seniority, is widely perceived as an attack on the newly arrived immigrant drivers, particularly Ethiopians (the bill would limit medallions to drivers who have had a license since 2006). Frankel says that perception was validated when Barry addressed a crowd of cab drivers protesting the bill and told them, “Many of you are not from America…We do things differently here.”

But regardless of the resistance to the bill, there’s a feeling among drivers that it’s inevitable that they will shortly be on the losing side of the long fight against medallions. There’s too much money at stake and there’s too much political juice behind the medallion push, the drivers say.

For proof, consider that the current bill was introduced a month after Ted Loza, former chief of staff to Ward 1 Councilmember Jim Graham, pleaded guilty to accepting bribes related to a past medallion bill.

“It was all about medallions,” says Leon Swain, the former D.C. taxicab commissioner, who says he worked undercover for the FBI for two years collecting evidence about the efforts behind bribing Loza.

Swain says that only two weeks after he started the job in 2007, a former big wheel in the Ethiopian cab community, Yitbarek Syume, coaxed him into having dinner at Syume’s Silver Spring home. Syume recently pleaded guilty to corruption charges and is awaiting sentencing. Among the topics discussed that night: implementing a new medallion system.

Swain says that during his undercover work, he recorded several conversations with Syume and other conspirators where they talked about how much money they were going to make off medallions.

And in an FBI document detailing debriefing sessions with Syume by FBI agents and obtained by Washington City Paper, Syume says he once gave Graham and Loza a free trip to Dulles International Airport (worth not much more than about $100 roundtrip, depending on tip). Among the topics of discussion among the three, according to Syume: a medallion system.

Of course, assertions about things like free cab rides are almost impossible to corroborate. It doesn’t take a defense lawyer to note that those facing criminal charges have an incentive to imply they’ve got dirt on powerful people, whether they do or not. And Syume’s claim to FBI agents is not the same as official testimony—for one, he wasn’t under oath. It’s been over a year since the debriefings, but Graham has not been charged with anything and has steadfastly denied any wrongdoing. He’s not sponsoring the new cab medallion bill, either. (Graham declined to be interviewed for this article, but did call LL’s boss to complain as soon as LL started asking questions.)

Several things Syume mentions in the debriefings have not been corroborated by court records. But LL was able to corroborate some other details of his story, unrelated to the alleged cab ride.

Still, the fact that the D.C. Council is willing to pick up the topic again, despite an FBI investigation into the last legislative effort on cab medallions, either means they think it’s a really good idea, or that the interests pushing it have a lot of clout. The letters “F,” “B,” and “I,” after all, aren’t usually among politicians’ favorites. Ray says this new bill is much better than Graham’s, and will reward cab drivers who have played by the rules, leading to a better taxi industry overall.

The question for you, cab rider, is: Do you believe him?

Got a tip for LL? Send suggestions to lips@washingtoncitypaper.com. Or call (202) 650-6951.

Photo by Darrow Montgomery

  • controlboardadvisor

    Hell to the naw!!!!

  • Drez

    Set asides and quotas for well connected businessmen who ferry voters to and from polls for faired politicians? What could possibly be wrong with that?

  • mik

    whereever a medallion system is implemented, the cab driver gets hurt. in pg county, drivers pay $55 a day, $107 a day in montgomery county, $90 in baltimore. Current cabbies in dc pay $35-$160 a week

  • http://msn Wm Gray

    The one thing not discussed here is changes that have occurred in this city,the older drivers are unwilling to accept change, they want to run this industry without any oversight.
    No one is promised lifetime employment this opportunity give the older drivers something for their contribution to this industry 30,40,50,years in the industry enough,time to move on,or accept change and new ideas. Seniority indeed has it's place and this bill addresses this in a very sincere and profound way.The city has changed for the better,residents,visitors,the business community,and all concerned should embrace this change in this industry that has long been dysfunctional,drivers who only drive when it's to their benefit,and who don't provide good service,in a service oriented business.This bill is a "JOB's" creation bill in many was,just think,what better way than to have (3) eight hour shifts around the clock,or (2) twelve hour shifts ensuring round the clock service.Restricted medallions for underserved areas,talk about new entrepenurs !!!!
    It's small wonder some are against this measure,it would take them out of their comfort zone.

  • http://msn Wm Gray

    The one thing not discussed here is changes that have occurred in this city,the older drivers are unwilling to accept change, they want to run this industry without any oversight.
    No one is promised lifetime employment this opportunity give the older drivers something for their contribution to this industry 30,40,50,years in the industry enough,time to move on,or accept change and new ideas. Seniority indeed has it's place and this bill addresses this in a very sincere and profound way.The city has changed for the better,residents,visitors,the business community,and all concerned should embrace this change in this industry that has long been dysfunctional,drivers who only drive when it's to their benefit,and who don't provide good service,in a service oriented business.This bill is a "JOB's" creation bill in many ways,just think,what better way than to have (3) eight hour shifts around the clock,or (2) twelve hour shifts ensuring round the clock service.Restricted medallions for underserved areas,talk about new entrepenurs !!!!
    It's small wonder some are against this measure,it would take them out of their comfort zone.

  • DC Rider

    A medallion system would limit the number of (legal) taxis on the streets, which might be good for owners and drivers lucky enough to be able to buy them. But why should there be a re-sale market in medallions? A medallion should confer the right to operate a taxi, and the owner should be able to transfer it from one vehicle to a replacement vehicle. But when he leaves the industry or reduces his fleet, he should return excess medallions to the city. There is no reason that being among the first to buy a medallion should be like winning the lottery.. And many improvements to the taxi industry -- like limiting the age of taxis, requiring them to meet minimum fuel economy standards, requiring drivers to undergo more thorough training, and streamlining complaint procedures -- could be accomplished without resorting to a medallion system.

  • Skipper

    What a total scam! If our Board of Ethics and Elections wasn't such a band of pathetic hacks and cowards, maybe they'd start looking into the astounding violations of ethics and campaign finance laws between our local rented politicians and the corrupt cab industry.

  • @SamuelMoore

    @Skipper, the BOEE consists of two appointed democrats with one unfilled seat... they rarely ever have quarum at meetings (probably intentially) D.C. ethics / accountability / and good governance are words relegated to press releases, and sometimes LL

  • Jacob

    If a medallion system was coupled with serious (and strictly enforced) vehicle safety and comfort and driver knowledge standards (for example, you can view NYC's rules at http://www.nyc.gov/html/tlc/downloads/pdf/2011rulebook_ch58.pdf) it would great for passengers.

    On the other hand, if it were simply used to protect the existing fleet of dangerously broken down cabs and incompetent drivers from possible new competition things could get even worse than they are now.

  • Jackie Treehorn

    About. Effing. Time. Ask yourself honestly - as a cab rider, would you rather ride in a fleabag DC ghetto jalopy or a clean Arlington red top cab? You know the answer.

    If DC wants to be considered a "world class city", perhaps it ought to do the things that other places like NYC have done - realize that a well regulated cab industry is a key ingredient in that mix.

    All we have to do to get past the finish line is make sure that do-gooder socialists don't try and turn this into some opportunity to levy some new tax on the riders.

  • leesha

    DC is one of the few cities were any one who studies and takes the cabbie exam and passes can have their own business. They want to make DC like LA and New York and other cities were only a few control the cab busines. this is not for poor or working people. This is for the interest of a few crooks who want to screw the public and the present drivers who are not doing a bad job.I said no .This is one of the last opportunities open to people of color of all nationalites to be self employed.They have made vending licenses so expensive that poor or working class people can not afford them. Now they want to take away the cab business.

  • leesha

    There should be regulations but there should also be opportunity for all people to be self employed . The people who have provided this service should have some say so in how it is governed. The community not a few new arrivals should decide what happens with the cab industry in this city. A medallion system that puts long time residents and older driver out of work is not what is needed.

  • Drez

    I agree with leesha.
    Medallions will benefit the wealthy and the well connected. Not the small business owner or the rider
    Screw that.

  • Kurt D.

    My comment is about the proposed color of the taxis. Black? From an energy standpoint, this is the wrong color for a hot city. Black paint absorbs a lot more heat from sunlight than does a light color, making air conditioners work overtime - and using more gasoline. Plus, the car will be harder to cool down. Black paint will also raise the ambient temperature for pedestrians standing nearby. The color needs to be reconsidered on energy use alone.

    Also, doesn't DC have initiatives to lower its carbon dioxide output? Black taxis work against that.

    And on a personal level, I find the vision of DC streets filled with fleets of black taxis to give the wrong aesthetic message. Black cars can be intimidating, and isn't it the car color of choice for bad guys in the movies? Seriously, it's a color you use when you have no other ideas. I propose DC consider a friendlier color for its new cabs.

  • ElleJay20020

    Medallions may or may not be the way to go but we have got to stop worrying about protecting an industry that is not properly serving the District. I am totally fed up with taxis here.

    I've lost track of the number of times that drivers refuse to take me to where I need to go, asked me to get out of the cab, told me they don't know where that is, etc, etc etc. I've even seen a mother and child with groceries get left out in the snow because a driver didn't want to take them to where they needed to go.

    I've filed complaints with the Cab Commission and gotten absolutely no results. The taxi industry has been allowed to be self serving and unresponsive for way too long and it is time for the madness to end.

  • Alice

    Last Thursday, I caught a taxi from my job in NW to go to my college graduation rehearsal. I had a harrowing ride, with the driver screaming into his phone with his right hand, and waiving his left hand wildly out the window to emphasize his conversation with whomever he was talking to on the phone. All this while doing 45 up North Capital Street at rush hour. I was amazed to have arrived on campus in one piece. I don't know if a medallion system would help, but I'd like to limit my thrill rides to Metro, which is frightening enough.

  • Billy Ray Edwards

    When black folks wake up and realize there history in the hack/taxicab industry within city as it relates to there Freedom and Independence since 1837 there will be hell to pay for there lost Lagacy, Wake Up Black Folks the time to fight is now for your childrens Freedom and Independence in America.>>Billy Ray

  • Cabbie appreciation

    Jackie Treehorn said: "All we have to do to get past the finish line is make sure that do-gooder socialists don't try and turn this into some opportunity to levy some new tax on the riders."
    I think what is misunderstood is that it won't be do-gooder socialists who will impose higher fees. The savage capitalist interests who see profit even in the small-business opportunities for cabbies will be the ones with their hands out. Can't we see how big business interests have captured the industry in other major cities, and the corruption and price escalation and safety has not improved (Medallions, puh!)? It's a ruse, folks. Don't be naive. Work for a healthier, safer, more serviceable cabbie industry here in D.C., but don't give it all up to big business. (Also, there are complaints about cabs, but only when something like this looms do people come out of the woodwork with ideas on improvement. People, put some action where your badmouths are.)

  • oh my goodness

    I agree with Jackie especially since the taxi commission has reported that only 10% of cabbies are DC residents.

  • Disgruntled taxi rider

    I've lived in DC for almost 10 years and have never once had a cab ride meet my needs. Remember the days of zones and forced sharing of your cab? Thank god those days are behind us!

    I'm disgusted by the cab drivers in this city. They are all lazy, money grubbing schmucks who act as if they are doing their customers a favor by providing the service. $10 for a 10 minute ride + $1 fuel surcharge and you want a tip? Oh, and did I mention, the cabbie slowed down at every green light in the hopes that it would change to red so the cabbie could squeeze another 50 cents out of me? Do the math...that's 6 trips an hour for a total of $60 an hour and it's all cash so why bother reporting the income. $60 an hour is more than most people I know make and we went to college.

    So often I stand on a street corner with my hand up, looking for a taxi and watch empty cab after empty cab pass me by because the driver can't be bothered to look for a fare. I get it...if I made $60 an hour, I could afford to be lazy.

    The faster we push out the current cab drivers and replace them and their corrupt system with a real solution, the better.

  • Drez

    I've lived in this city for over 20 years. I call cabs when I need thm, but plan my life so that I don't.
    That said, there are good cabbies out there.
    I don't believe medallions will help them or those who rely on them.
    All the purported improvements medallions would bring can be achieved without them. That they have not is actually a reason to be wary about those who would promise perfection while limiting those who can participate.

  • James

    Ray is lying about the number of cabbies owned by Schaeffer. Schaeffer has at least 16 taxicab companies. In order to get registered, a taxicab company must at least own 12 cabbies. That is the minimum legal requirement. But in reality a typical taxicab company owns, on average, about 150 cabbies. When we multiply 16 by 12, we get 192; and when we multiply 16 by 150, we get 2400. Thus, Schaeffer is expecting between 192 to 2400 medallions. It looks like he wants to do in the taxi industry what his protégé, Joe Mammo, has done in the oil industry: acquire wealth with the help of a legislation, and then create an apparent vertical as well as horizontal monopoly.

  • Merewu

    This is for the disgruntled taxi rider. Unless you are a miss Daisy wanabe cabbies are not out there to meet your particular needs.They provide you a service and you pay for that service and yiu are not the only one on the street needing that service. If you are not happy about the service and fee you can take the issue to the government officials. That is what educated people like you do, is it not?

    Just for your information I am a DC taxi driver and I do hold two Graduate Degrees from UCLA, am a published author, multilingual, former diplomat and a law-abiding, tax-paying us citizen. Now go back and read your own comment

  • Billy Ray Edwards

    For years this is the kind of crap dc hack/taxicab/owner/drivers got to put up with from the dc government.>>Billy Ray

  • Calvin H. Gurley

    Merewu…your comment to Ms. Disgruntled Taxi rider was harsh and NOT INFORMED with the updated and correct facts.

    Merewu, with no knowledge of D.C. stated; “…If you are not happy about the service and fee you can take the issue to the government officials. That is what educated people like you do, is it not?

    Merewu…your two graduate degrees do not change the lack of response that government officials show to their constituents or D.C. residents.

    How can you degree encourage or force this City Council to take responsibility to protect and make sure residents are given fair service [Nordstrom Service] not only from the taxi industry but from public utilities [Pepco/WASA] from the police department from the DMV???

    I know many Africans who graduated from Bowie State University [some went on to obtain a graduate degree] who made a living hacking…during the Zone Fares period in the District. What’s new?

    Merewu…your ‘declaration’ of Graduate degrees does not do a thing to affect change or force government officials [who historically ignore residents] to favor D.C. residents.

    Tell disgruntled Taxi rider of a time when your request to a council member or government official was satisfactory resolved. And, Then give dis.taxi rider the name of that splendid official so she can get satisfaction.

  • Calvin H. Gurley


    This change philosophy is overrated…and a poor reason to change D.C. from the old, workings that was fair to all…old, poor, hard working residents.

    It’s called “TRADITION”! And, today that is what is wrong with this “twisted’ society – it has abandoned tradition. Perhaps, because in the District when it was a majority Black city – it had a Black Tradition.

    So newcomers want to change tradition. Bring N.Y to town.

    Folks read Mr. Billy Ray Edwards blog…and that’s what it’s all about.

    I truly agree with MS. LESSHA’S comments and JAMES’ comments that give a history of the District and expose what greedy, big business want to do to bring change that only benefits them and fill their pockets with your hard earn money.

    There was nothing wrong with the Zone Fare System until the Wash. Post started a campaign to demonize it.

    Because nothing changed. If you did not know the zone you where [at times] CHEATED. Now you are cheated by cabbies slowing down for traffic lights to change RED or being driven the long way to your destination – for higher fares. Cabs are still dirty and run down.

    Is a medallion going to change this? No…a medallion is what the New York taxi system.

    And, I don’t want D.C. to be anything like Bloomberg’s New York City. Many of you forget your geography…D.C. is a Southern Town. And, resistance come when you want to be like someone who you are not…with a higher PRICE TAG.

    THE solution IS to re-make the taxi system as affordable for all…and if your rich folks and newcomers are not satisfied with the affordable rates then pay more…give a bigger tip.

    Go back to the Zone Fare system…and allow free enterprise for all. Or, go to NY to be a New Yorker.

    Wake up folks…Every group has a Tradition…but many can not ACCEPT others’ Traditions.

    Calvin H. Gurley

  • DC Cab Rider

    Driving a taxi in DC is one of the few jobs left where a hard worker of any race, creed, or religion can make a decent living. Driving is a stepping stone for many high potential immigrants and locals who need to support themselves and their families. The medalion system will just create fewer taxis, higher prices, and consolidate the revenue to fewer (non-driving) individuals.

    It is not true that a medalion system will improve the physical condition of DC cabs, Boston has the medalion system and the cabs are in even worse shape than DC.

    The implementation of the medailion system will benefit only the medalion owners, it will hurt everyone else. The only other benefit may be that the scandal surrounding this bill could be the trap that finally puts Marion Barry in jail for good.

  • Calvin H. Gurley

    Jackie Treehorn….who brought this mantra that {FENTY} D.C. residents want to be CALLED ‘A WORLD CLASS CITY”???

    YOU MUST BE FOOLISH to think I want or others want to give up Washington, D.C. true Name to be called a World Class City. That demoralizes what this city really is. So please stop with this piss-poor name of a World Class City.

    This city will be [and I will always remind you and others] - THIS IS THE “ NATION’S CAPITAL”…and this alone makes it a World Class City!

    Here we are again….Fenty, newcomers and people in Va. and Md. attempting to change TRADITION…
    Who wants to be CALLED a world class city like New York…


    However, we as the Nation’s Capital must show by EXAMPLE how the rich and poor can live as one. We must show by example to other cities and state capitols HOW TO DEAL WITH SOCIETY's PROBLEMS AND BE THE MODEL in which they follow and want to emulate to also improve the quality of life for their citizens.

    That is what this Nation’s Capital will do and this is our true purpose…to be the example to all. We just have to keep to this purpose and perform. And, that means to boot out those OLD City Council members.

    Wake Up Trusting Citizens.

    Calvin H. Gurley

  • Truth Hurts

    Marion Barry said he was introducing the bill "to give equity and equality to our cab drivers". Anyone believe him? I don't.

    I often take cabs, and very much enjoy discussing politics with the drivers. In my experience, most cab drivers are fairly intelligent people working hard to support themselves and their families.

    Medallions likely would just lead to more corruption and political sleaze. And I'll rely on Leon Swain's judgment over Marion Barry's every time.

  • Scott

    Jackie Treehorn, YOU'RE the socialist. YOU support the government stepping in and violating people's right to earn a legal living by blocking access to the taxi industry by way of a sleezy medallion scheme.

    Not only does this violate people's rights, it goes against one of the very core values this country is supposed to stand for which is FREEDOM OF OPPORTUNITY.

    This medallion proposal has nothing to do with making cabs cleaner and safer. That can be accomplished with rules and enforcement. It's about GREED.

  • Drez

    Leon Swain
    Has anyone yet heard a credible and defensible reason for firing him?
    That he's gone is a damn shame. That this medallion nonsense is coming up in the wake of his departure is damn suspicious.

  • michael

    This piece of legistlation "medalion bill" is authored by John jay, who is a family lawyer to jerry Schaffer, the taxi mogul owning over 15 companies in the district. the bill is also intriduced by coucil memebr Harry Thomas a friend and also an advocate of the new wall mart store in North East DC. Guess what, the land lord of this new development is jerry schaffer!
    And the new coalition of supporters of this medalion bill organized by John Ray constitutes 96% from jerry Schaffer's cab companies though not more than 200 among the 8000 drivers in the district. A piece of candy for those veterans and wipe out the lion's share of the idustry to Schaffer!

  • Pingback: taxi cab business insurance | Value of Annuity

  • Pingback: taxi cab business insurance | insurancequotefrom.com

  • http://chieflimo.com/ Washington DC Limousine


    This is like a long and interesting journey to me. I really enjoy this article.

  • Pingback: Government created asset = taxpayer funded liability at Catallaxy Files