Town, Gown, and D.C. Why are the inevitable battles of students and neighbors so especially nasty in Washington?

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Photograph by Darrow Montgomery

When some desperate PhD candidate someday submits a definitive cultural history of town-gown relations, here’s hoping the dissertation includes the story of the Great Burleith Private Garbage Truck Battle of 2011.

The controversy’s most recent iteration entered the public record late one night in the beige and taupe room at One Judiciary Square where D.C.’s Zoning Commission meets. Ron Lewis, an Advisory Neighborhood Commission 2E commissioner, was facing off against Todd Olson, Georgetown University’s vice president of student affairs and dean of students.

In years past, residents of the affluent neighborhoods abutting the school had complained about the trash generated by students who rent houses there. So, last year, the school hired its own garbage trucks to supplement public trash collection. The city’s trucks come once or twice a week. The school’s come every day. Twice.

But if you think this sort of thing—a major research university prostrating itself before neighbors who resent a population of perfectly legal renters—would tamp down the animus, then you don’t understand the bizarre universe of D.C. campus politics. In this world, a university paying for private garbage service isn’t evidence of goodwill at all.

The bespectacled, tweedy Lewis began a cross-examination. “When the trash isn’t being picked up by your truck, it’s visible obviously, correct?,” he asked Olson.

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“In some locations at some times,” Olson replied.

“And like most trash, it probably doesn’t smell so good, right?” Lewis shot back, springing the trap.

There you have it: The school’s effort to clean up stinky student garbage was clear and damning evidence of that garbage’s all-pervasive stink. Extra trash collection only means there’s extra trash.

For neighbors who’ve spent years battling refuse, rats, rowdiness, and other unpleasantness they blame on the presence of students, even a piece of institutional kowtowing—most locals would love twice-a-day garbage service!—comes across as a sign of disrespect.

It’d be easy to mock the sturdy Burleithers for seeing dark clouds in every silver lining. But the Great Burleith Private Garbage Truck Battle of 2011 is hardly the only case of collegiate neighbors making upscale Washingtonians act like sophomores who see a conspiracy behind the dean’s every decision.

In Wesley Heights last year, a neighborhood group demanded that American University prohibit students from hanging decorations in windows of a proposed new dormitory, lest they offend local aesthetic sensibilities. Residents near Georgetown University have pressured the school to institute shuttle bus service between the campus and M Street NW, should noisy students disturb residents while walking back to their dorms. The bus, having been duly established, is now derided by neighbors as the “drunk bus.”

And then there’s parking. In the neighborhood around George Washington University’s Mount Vernon campus, as well as in American University Park, locals have pressured the schools to forbid students from parking in otherwise legal street spaces. Campus cops have gone so far as to write tickets on legally parked cars that simply look like they might belong to students—because, for instance, books are visible through the windows. Now neighbors are complaining about accidentally receiving such tickets.

What’s going on here?

To some extent, it’s just a local version of the tensions that happen everywhere from Palo Alto, Calif., to Princeton, N.J., and anywhere else that comparatively comfortable neighbors live next to comparatively entitled students. All the same, the specific nature of town-gown tension here also reveals a great deal about the District’s essence. It’s a place where the bureaucratic rules for campuses—much of the recent upheaval is tied to the schools’ decennial efforts to gain required approval for mandatory 10-year campus plans—encourage an adversarial system replete with exaggerated gripes and over-the-top demands. It’s a place where well-off locals, lacking an infrastructure to participate in national politics, have a long history of using back channel access to get their way.

And Washington is also a place that has never, unlike some other big cities, been quite comfortable with becoming a bustling, urban center. Ours is a town where there’s no agreed-upon answer to the basic question of whether we really want to allow a bunch of quiet-seeking residents to stifle a university’s growth.

The story of how we organize building on D.C.’s campuses works a bit like a seminar on how D.C. organizes itself.

Our Readers Say

I for one cannot wait for the neighbors to be driven from Burleith and the rest of Georgetown. When I was a student at Georgetown, they behaved far more rudely than any students did.

Ms. Hilton did a good job documenting the insanity of their demands, but she was too soft on SNAP and petty tyrant Corey Peterson. SNAP has been known to "bust up" a group of five people sitting quietly on a porch at 10 p.m. on a Saturday night. If you think they don't have any actual authority to do that, you're right!

Also wish Hilton would have addressed the fundamental flaw in the neighbors' argument: the university has been in Georgetown since 1789. Hardly a surprise that there are university students in the neighborhood.
As a graduate of GWU, I find this well written story fascinating. As a student, I lived in Silver Spring, riding the bus to Pennsylvania Avenue every morning. Married with a family, I headed home on the bus as soon as my last class was over. I guess I missed all the fun!

Anyway, everyone has to find a way to get along. Students are there to stay. Neighbors could put up fences, landscape with more hardy plants, add motion type floodlights and become mentors to students. Students need to get to know the neighbors, offering gardening and other help,and inviting neighbors to special college programs. If you can't beat them, join them.

DC is my favorite city, and I would move there in a minute if I could afford it. Both neighbors and students are very fortunate to have access to all that this wonderful city offers.
I like having universities in the city. I like having a university adjacent to my neighborhood. Unlike all too many, i don't think either or any of the sides is always right and the other always wrong. I do, as a DC taxpayer, wonder why we must continue to subsidize these large, wealthy institutions with services paid for from taxpayer funds and to exempt them from fees or taxes to cover essential services provided to them. There is a tax equity argument for Payment in Lieu of Taxes from these and the thousands of other locally-tax exempt institutions in our community and neighborhood. Yes, i understand they will argue they generate economic activity and indirectly that may bolster local revenues. But puzzle me this: a for profit hospital sits on one side of a block. A nonprofit hospital or university sits on the other side. They both receive tax-payer funded services like fire and police protection, local roads, metro, etc. I cannot distinguish between the services they provide to the community. But one pays fees/taxes. The other doesn't. Why and to what effect?
I was always baffled by the neighborhood associations around my state university, just as this baffles me.

Were the neighbors unaware that the university was there when they moved in? I'm not saying that it excuses excessive rowdy behavior on the part of the university students, but when you choose a neighborhood, you must take these things into account. There's a difference between reasonable expectations (providing a bus) and unreasonable expectations (not allowing students to park in legal spaces).



Some people have too much time and money for their own good. Amazing to think what these neighborhood residents could achieve if they tackled some of this city's ACTUAL problems.
"Universities have libraries. They have ball fields. They have lectures. Georgetown and GWU have world-class hospitals. Would you rather live near one of those, or in just another tract of middle-class houses whose residents lead quiet lives?"

I think the answer to that question is pretty obvious: in the case of the neighborhood NIMBY brigades, it is quite plainly the latter. These folks are affluent enough that they don't need libraries - they can buy any book they want - and they can drive to whatever ball field or lecture or hospital they want. They want to have easy access to those things, and they do. But they don't want to live next to them. It's about having your cake and eating it too: the benefits without the externalities.

In any case, excellent article, Shani.
I will assure you that this happens to more than just college towns. But primarily to college communities. But sit in on any community meeting from Tenley Town to H Street Main Street and you will have resident that disdain the reason and anchor business that lead them to choose that neighborhood.

These residents did not buy a house in the suburbs and one day woke and someone sticked a college near them, with all the restaurants, bookstores and retail that goes with. They were attracted to the neighborhood for the restaurants that came for the college or even the college themselves. So how can they complain?
@Tom M:

"But puzzle me this: a for profit hospital sits on one side of a block. A nonprofit hospital or university sits on the other side. They both receive tax-payer funded services like fire and police protection, local roads, metro, etc. I cannot distinguish between the services they provide to the community. But one pays fees/taxes. The other doesn't. Why and to what effect?"

One's ultimate purpose is to generate profit for its owners/shareholders, while the other's ultimate purpose is to generate benefits to society. That's the logical reason behind treating for-profit and not-for-profit entities differently, anyway. You're welcome to disagree with that dichotomy, but it has a pretty well-established foundation here. I don't think that a charity dedicated to fighting cancer or poverty or child abuse brings any greater benefit to an area by having their offices located there than a law firm does. Maybe less, even, since the lawyers have more money to spend around. But we tax the former and not the latter, and I can see why.

To your specific example, though: Universities all have their own police departments and often their own EMS services as well (GERMS at GU and EMeRG at GWU), which serve the neighborhoods surrounding campus as well. In addition, while non-profits don't pay property taxes, they do pay payroll taxes and their employees pay DC income tax (assuming they live in DC, obviously), so all those services are being paid for through that. Universities also often pay for road upkeep in and around their campuses and some transportation as well. Anyone can take the GUTS buses to and from Georgetown's campus, for instance.
The Universities should do some of their expansion to sites East of the River especially since the Metro goes there. The Universities should provide mores services to the city by having their schools of psychiatry operate some of the needed residential facilities under contract. The city should curb the power of these neighbors to interfere in the operation of the Universities. These suburban enclaves within the city are just another example of the disparity of wealth an influence as the expense of the rest of the taxpayers.
I lived in this city as a student. I live in this city as a home owner. What I have been fortunate to have been a kind student and a kind home owner. If the students are like animal house contact the owner.There has to be a solution to this problem. Most students are decent people a party during home coming might be a problem but most like my self were busy working and studying. There has to be a middle ground. Many are in community service projects that make them a part of the community in a productive way. I like the idea of more activites east of the river.The young are a good source of volunteering fpr America Corp and other service organization. We were young once and we should remember people guided and nutured us and even loved us when we were butt heads.
Some very civil discussion and good ideas on this thorny problem. I see first hand the mess that unheeding students create (twelve cartons of eggs strewn across the exorcist steps, bushes uprooted, screeching and bellowing at 2 AM, urinating on basement steps) but I also sense that the escalating disrespect on both sides can be bridged: shared volunteering like the annual clean-up/picnic event, and just simply talking to each other instead of to the police or rant-blogs.
"One's ultimate purpose is to generate profit for its owners/shareholders, while the other's ultimate purpose is to generate benefits to society. "

When it comes to hospitals at least, the non-profit distinction is window-dressing. It's not as if for-profit hospitals turn away the sick at their ERs, and the worst practices in the health care industry are just as prevalent among non-profit hospitals (which make up about 80% of all hospitals in the country): discriminatory pricing against the uninsured, siccing collections agencies on debtor patients, consolidating into multi-hospital systems and shutting down money-losing hospitals in poor neighborhoods, etc. Only effective difference is because a non-profit was once founded by a religious order a hundred years ago, they don't pay taxes.
White people ruin everything; you think people who live in other parts of DC would describe this as being “victimized”? Georgetown residents are THE WORST always calling it their “sleepy little town”.

DROP THE FANTASY YOU LIVE IN A CITY!
Take your millions and move your ass to Leesburg and get a pony already.
Everyone who thinks this problem can be solved by students being nicer to neighbors is living in a fantasy world. Students at Georgetown already do shovel snow for neighbors and do other activities on their behalf. Their reward? A continued, delusional campaign against them. Again, the neighbors need to be run out of Burleith, and the area actually established as a Georgetown dorm.

Re: students doing charity work, Ms. Hilton neglected to mention that among the letters opposing Georgetown campus plan were many letters from non-profit groups and schools in support of the plan because of the work Georgetown students do in their communities.
Typical DC wimps! These aren't conflicts, this is a Town vs. Gown conflict .....

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxford_Martyrs
Unless you or your direct ancestors moved in to your Georgetown home prior to 1789, then I have little sympathy for your complaints when you discover that moving next door to a large academic institution with 15,000+ students results in some of the students appearing in the neighborhood. I have even less sympathy when you expect special treatment contrary to Washington DC law (e.g. it is legal for everyone to park except students). There are many nice neighborhoods in DC that do not share space with a famous university - go live in one of those.

If you choose to remain in Georgetown, remember that you bought/rent your home - not the entire neighborhood, and that the needs of everyone who live there matter, not just your particular wants.
I have no sympathy for these people! I have adults who live in my neighborhood who park on their lawn, rowdy after 12am, people coming and going (looking crazy!) at all times of the night! This is not something that only comes with baggage from students. Typically self entitled NIMBY's
@ Dizzy -- I've been around hospitals as a caregiver, adminstrator/manager, and of course patient for 30 years. I cannot discern any difference between a nonprofit and for profit coporate structure. They are all corporate, all oriented to the bottomline, all must serve emergency and uncompensated care patients, all pay excessive amounts to the CEO (and the top business generating doctors). Of course, the for profit and nonprofit hospitals get the same services from DC (and any other host community). Only one -- the for profit -- pays property taxes to support essential services. The other -- nonprofit -- receives those services without contributing and in fact withdrawing valuable parcels and buildings from the base. There is no doubt that local taxpayers subsidize nonprofits -- hospitals or others. Other communities either require or have negotiated payments from nonprofits. Why doesn't DC? I'd venture two reasons. First, our self-government is limited by congressional masters/overseers. The nonprofits pay handsome amounts for lobbyists to ensure their bread stays buttered -- never mind us plebian taxpayers. Second, the DC council members often work for and/or are otherwise beholden to large nonprofit interests. Jim, Mary, Vincent, Vincent, Marion, David, Tommy, and probably Jack too. The deck is tres stacked.
@ Minna Since the native americans were robbed both of their cultural heritage and lands in part through the aid of the Jesuit order, and by your reasoning,the people here first should have their rights protected above all others. Are the Jesuits and GU willing to compensate native americans for the injustices done to them? Inquiring minds wish to know.
<i>You can find almost as much hyperbole in the arguments over the Tenleytown Safeway, or the West End Library, or any other place where denser visions of city life bump into residents’ leafy ambitions</i>

This is a really preposterous statement. Who lives in the West End and expects suburbia? It's completely nonsensical and missing the point. They may be concerned with quality of life issues (reasonable or not) like noise, traffic, parking, but that doesn't suggest any desire for a more idyllic suburban model within the city.

Ultimately the universities and their students are invested in their schools above the neighborhood. Property owners are inherently invested in the neighborhood. Their interests are often not aligned, but I wouldn't underestimate how much the universities depend on certain neighborhoods to attract prospective students -- namely safe surrounding communities in a city perceived by many parents unfamiliar with DC as unsafe.
@Tom M

You think the DC City Council is beholden to "large nonprofit interests" ?! That's certainly a new one. Certainly in the case of universities - and Georgetown, GWU, and Howard represent some of the largest hospitals in the city, although Sibley is now owned by Johns Hopkins (I think) as well - the amount of money they spend on lobbying is minuscule compared to various corporate and commercial entities. The "Payment in Lieu of Taxes" schemes involving universities you're talking about only exist in a few places and almost entirely in instances where the non-profit is either extremely wealthy (Harvard) or paying a relatively small amount (Tufts pays the City of Somerville $125,000 per year).

If non-profits really had that much power, we wouldn't be seeing universities get clubbed over the head as they are with the campus plan process as they are.

With respect to the larger issues of how hospitals operate, which you and Mike raised, I have no interest in defending the business practices of any or all hospitals. The existing system is clearly broken in a number of ways. Suffice it to say that the rising costs of healthcase are a national problem that makes budget-balancing difficult for all entities, non-profit and for-profit alike. A real solution can only come on the federal level. I don't think that adding another major expense to hospitals' operating costs is going to do anything to help control health care costs, though.

Also, Tom M - in the case of Georgetown and this area specifically, the role of the long-oppressed English Jesuits and Catholics in committing offenses against Native Americans was quite small, especially when compared to the Puritans and Anglicans. Indeed, when the first two Jesuits arrived along with Catholic settlers on the Ark and the Dove, the land they settled on was purchased from the native Yaocomico tribe, rather than taken by force. There's no need to conflate the atrocities committed by the Spanish with what took place in this area. If we're to engage in the process of distributing historical blame - which is really beside the point - it would be the WASP forefathers of the bulk of current Georgetown neighborhood residents on whom the lion's share would fall.

Extra historical tidbit - the Jesuit order did not officially exist at the time of Georgetown's founding, having been suppressed by Pope Clement XIV in 1773.
Many who moved to the Georgetown area from elsewhere were not aware many students no longer live on campus - nor of the resultant problems - and that the university actually encourages that, spending gazillions to squeeze in various new buildings on campus, but not dorms. The university created this town/gown conflict not only by pushing for growth at the expense of the neighborhood, but by generally casting a blind eye to students living off campus, often against various zoning and other related regulations. The entitled attitudes of many of the students encountered are disturbing at best and repugnant at worst. When they - not their enabling parents - have earned the right to live in such a neighborhood, fine. Until then those who have already done so have a right to be upset by constant parking issues, noise, trash, vermin and rude behaviour, to say nothing of reduced property values due to group houses in the vicinity. (Trashing a house substantially lowers its resale value which in turn affects the valuation of all neighbouring homes.)
The university's unspoken but obvious stance that it should be allowed to take over and share the quiet residential areas surrounding its campus is nothing short of confiscatory. Everyone respects the advantages of a nearby fine university and no one expects or wants the students to disappear, but hardworking, tax paying homeowners and renters have a legal right to "quiet enjoyment" of their homes without the detrimental presence of spoiled partying young people who should be housed on campus and utilizing mass transit.
Moving away from the problem is not necessarily an automatic option for those homeowners unpleasantly surprised and adversely affected.
@ Dizzy. You are quite confused about history at a miniumum and the record of Payments in Lieu of Taxes as well. First, the Yaocomico tribe did not have a history or culture norm of "owning" the land they lived with and on. The idea that it was "sold" is simply a justification for imposing the desires of Georgetown on the first peoples. Second, the "Spanish" atrocities you mention were done in the name, with the blessing, to the aims of, and under the supervision of the catholic church. Since GU considers itself (when convenient) as a catholic institution (actually its formal legal structure is NOT governed by the catholic church either here or in Rome), doesn't GU feel responsibility for its actions to the determinent of the first peoples? Finally, yes the hospital system should be addressed by federal/national solutions. In the meantime, why is taxpayer money subsidizing nonprofit hospitals for the services that other hospitals must pay for? You evade the question with a red herring.
I HAD TO GET ON HERE AND GIVE MAD PROPS TO MS. HILTON FOR HER EXCELLENT WORK.
WELL WRITTEN. LEG WORK. INSIGHT. I SEE YA!!!!


THE FOLKS MOVING INTO G'TOWN (WHO IN THE FUCK CALLS THAT AREA BURLEITH? THAT IS THE PROBLEM RIGHT THERE) AND IN AND AROUND G'TOWN UNIVERSITY SHOULD KNOW WHAT THEY ARE GOING TO FACE AS THEY (UNLESS THEY HIT THE LOTTERY) ARE THE ONLY FOLKS WHO CAN AFFORD THOSE HOMES BECAUSE THEY ARE COLLEGE GRADS AND IM SURE HAVE LIVED AS A HIGH-IN-THE-LIFE 21 YEAR OLD AT ONE TIME!

IT AMAZES ME THAT HOWARD U, CATHOLIC U, AND GALLUDET DONT HAVE THIS PROBLEM. IF THEY DID WE WOULDNT KNOW ABOUT IT BECAUSE THOSE FOLKS WHO LIVE IN THOSE AREAS KNOW THAT THESE THINGS HAPPEN IN AND AROUND URBAN COLLEGES AND THEY ARE SOMEWHAT TOLERENT, MOST ARE PREPARED AND MANY ADAPT. THE DIFFERENCE IS THEY ARE IN BLACK AND DIVERSE NEIGHBORHOODS. THOSE POSERS WHO WANT THAT HIGHFALUTIN ZIP CODE BUT NOT THE SHIT THAT COMES ALONG WITH IT ARE GETTING EXACTLY WHAT THEY GIVE OUT.

NEWSFLASH-YA'LL BAMMAS ARE NOT SPECIAL BECAUSE YOU OVERPAID FOR THAT CRAMPED 1700 SLAVE DWELLING BECAUSE YOU WERE TOLD IT'S IN VOGUE. SUCKERS!!!!!
@Tom M

I'm afraid it is you who is confused by history. The Yaocomico may not have had the concept of individual ownership of property that we do, but the notion of tribal lands and territory was well-developed. At the time of contact, their lands were being encroached upon by members of the Iroquois Confederacy from the North. The exchange of land for European goods was made in part to create a buffer between them and the Susquehannock and Seneca to the north. Relations between the Yaocomino and the Maryland settlers were quite good, to the point that the English included provisions in treaties with other tribes that stipulated protections for them. What they could not stipulate was protections from the diseases they brought, which pretty much destroyed the entirety of the tribe by the turn of the 18th century. "Georgetown," est. 1789, did not impose anything on the first peoples.

I cannot speak for GU or the Catholic church, but anyone living in the U.S. today should certainly bear in mind the history of the native peoples of these continents, including what was done to them by our ancestors and institutions that still exist today (I'm a first-generation immigrant to the U.S., but I don't feel this is any less my responsibility than anyone else's. The perpetrators are all dead; it's up to us to learn from history and improve the present).

Anyway, to your ultimate question: "why is taxpayer money subsidizing nonprofit hospitals for the services that other hospitals must pay for?" I noted above the rationale for treating non-profit and for-profit entities differently. Whether this differentiated treatment is justified is a question on which evidence can be brought to bear. If you have any empirical evidence that there is no substantive difference between the two types of institutions, you're welcome to present it. Merely asserting over and over again that there's no difference is not sufficient. As the party challenging the status quo, the burden of evidence falls on you.
I'd love to know what lucrative "services" these universities and hospitals allegedly receive from the District.
@ aaron. Services received - and supported by all other non-non-profit institutions include - roads/highways/sidewalks that provide access to their properties and the region as a whole; mass transit bus and metro train service; drinking water supply; waste water treatment; police and fire protection and response; are you getting the idea? These are all locally provided and locally funded (for the most part) services. DC taxpayers subsidize the wealthy nonprofits because these nonprofits do not pay and happily receive services.
@ Dizzy - How can a group "sell" something when their is no "ownership" to surrender in exchange for filthy lucre? I see that you make a distinction between "Georgetown University" and the "Catholic Church" when it suits you and then conflate them again when it does not. Pick one position whydontcha?
Sorry, but you can't say "you moved here knowing there was a school so like it or lump it". My family moved into our Burleith hoouse in the 50's. I went to Georgetown. I never saw or knew anyone who trashed people's property and were as inconsiderate as the last generation of college kids who feel entitled. The administration would never have allowed that to happen.
The lack of awareness abnd respect is exemplified by the idiot who writes in Caps above.
"THE FOLKS MOVING INTO G'TOWN (WHO IN THE FUCK CALLS THAT AREA BURLEITH? THAT IS THE PROBLEM RIGHT THERE"
Burleith, my dear young man, is the name of the area above Georgetown University. It's been called that probably twice as long as you've been alive. AS far as I know, it was never part of Georgetown.
In addition, we paid less for the house than one year of tuition at GU.(and may you only be so lucky)
Sincerely,
not exactly a "POSER", BAMMA", or "SUCKER"
@LLG-MY DEAREST SWEETHEART;IDIOT NATIVE WASHINGTONIAN OF 46 YRS HERE!

INDIGENOUS FOLKS KNOW G'TOWN IS THE AREA THAT ENCOMPASSES EVERYTHING EAST OF FOXHALL RD, EVERYTHING SOUTH OF GLOVER PARK, EVERYTHING WEST OF ROCK CREEK AND NORTH OF THE RIVER.

NOW IF YOUR REAL ESTATE AGENT TOLD YOU IT WAS "BURRRRLIETH" INSTEAD OF G'TOWN THEN YOU ARE A SUCKER. IF YOU GO AROUND TELLING YOUR CO-WORKERS, FAMILY AND FRIENDS THAT YOU LIVE IN "BURRRLIETH" THEN YOU ARE A POSER. IF YOU ARE PUTTING THE G'TOWN PRESS ON 18-21 YEAR OLD STUDENTS WHO BRING IN A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF MONEY TO YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD THEN YOU ARE A BAMMA.
@Tom M

You're the one who brought up the Catholic Church (to which I have zero allegiance) in the first place, asking "as a catholic institution (actually its formal legal structure is NOT governed by the catholic church either here or in Rome), doesn't GU feel responsibility for its actions to the determinent of the first peoples" and conflating the two. I was just responding to your formulation. As for how a group can sell when it does not have property ownership, like I said, there was an understanding of collective possession/right to tribal lands. After all, Native American tribes went to war with each other over land all the time. You could ask "how could they go to war over land if they did not believe in owning land?" and the answer would be the same.
I'm an AU student who lives off campus, in a housing complex that I feel doesn't welcome students at all. We have never had the police come to our house, or thrown crazy parties, however we get many nasty stares or cold shoulders from our neighbors for no reason other than that we are students. I know that our community is against the dorms being built in the Nebraska parking lot, even though there is no possible way that the dorms would be visible in this area. What I have the most problem with is the fact that our neighbors are against the dorms but also don't want us to live here. All of my fellow house mates have no chance of moving back to campus and when we did live on campus, most of us lived in a forced triple situation. Where are we supposed to go?
Anonymous, I aparecipte your comment. It's along the same vein as to why I'm nervous about high-speed rail's viability in other auto-dependent parts of the country: once you get off the train, how do you get around?
So weird. We just had this civenrsatoon with my Dad this weekend (he used to do disaster planning as part of his job) which prompted us to do some planning with our nearest neighbours on Sunday.
Thanks for figlagng this Eric! We did receive your app. One thing I noticed is that if a user misses a required field in the embedded app, the page does not scroll back up to the top automatically, so you don't automatically see that a field is highlighted for response. Right now I am getting confirmation page on Firefox after completing app. If anyone else is having issues, please let me know! Thanks, Jon
Hi Brad,As you pneotid out, Inigral is hoping to work on the forefront of figuring out how check-in and location-based social software can lead to student success outcomes. Thoughtful post. Keep up the good work!Michael
The second eidoitn picks up the changes that have occurred in the service over the past three years. I do not believe that these changes have altered the fundamental attractions of the career the chance for service, deep engagement with foreign societies, intellectual challenge, adventure, and financial security. Nor have they altered the drawbacks frequent moves, periods of hardship and separation from family, and the inevitable frustrations that come with working in a bureaucracy. Readers of the second eidoitn will be better informed about the service, because their information will be more current, but I doubt the new material will change many minds from go to no-go, or vice versa.
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